Young Scholars' Voices
Editor's note: This new section of Young Scholars' Voices is created to encourage young scholars (Masters & PhD students) from around the world to participate in The 4th Media's Global Dialogue as an International Open Forum. The 4th Media cordially invites young international scholars to present and freely share their genuine thoughts, ideas and wishes for a better future of the world. Anybody who is interested in this global open forum are strongly encouraged to submit their articles and papers to The 4th Media at [email protected] However, FYI, if submitted articles and papers are filled with ill-willed thoughts and/or ideologically-tainted reproaches and flak for certain political ends, then all those articles and papers won't be honored and therefore will not be posted on our site. Thank you for your active participations in this Global Open Dialogue.
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Don’t be bad with 1%, don’t accuse them for having it all and doing nothing to earn it. 99% firmly believes that a greed is good… Spoiling mood, but being good for your food, as it should? **                                 **                      **                      ** Amidst the many maladies of today’s global society, a tide […]

ABSTRACT While human rights are meant to represent a secular morality, there are surprising parallels to be drawn with religions. Perhaps most striking is the realization that human rights are actually based on faith, as was already recognized at the proclamation of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. This dependence on faith has deep implications […]

The Central African Republic is currently awash in media coverage regarding the ongoing sectarian violence and general upheaval in the country. While many outlets have discussed the situation in the CAR, there have been few fully encompassing analyses of the violence that it in a proper historical context and discuss the interests of some of […]

– All We Need is Fromm   Where is the love? Could we get it from Fromm with wisdom 60 years after? *           *           *           * As luck would have it, David Cameron has become Barack Obama’s proper ‘bro’. To be fair-minded, let us start thinking about this alleged brotherly love by not being distracted […]

“I think that we’ve got to see that a riot is the language of the unheard. And, what is it that America has failed to hear? It has failed to hear that the economic plight of the Negro poor has worsened over the last few years.”- Martin Luther King Jr., Interview with Mike Wallace, September […]

The debtors’ prison is an old, decrepit institution that many thought was abolished in the 19th century, something little more than a relic of the past. This is a problematic view for two reasons. One, debtors’ prisons are rarely explored in the classroom or the larger society. And two, these prisons are making a serious […]

Wall Street wrecked the economy in 2007 due to dealing in shady mortgage securities that were given dubious triple-A ratings and put the entire global economy on the brink. Do you think those big banksters learned their lesson and decided not to dabble in overly complex financial instruments and to stop deceiving people? The answer […]

College students and graduates around the nation are buried in debt and trying to succeed in an extremely difficult and competitive economic environment. Many people are graduating only to find out that they are unable to get the jobs they want, whether it be due to the small amount of available jobs or (more usually) […]

Abstract This study investigates the political potential of social networks as popular platforms of mediated communication. The findings of the survey reveal the level of engagement of Greek internet users with different social media, the particular ways in which they prefer to use them as well as their future expectations as regards the development of […]

Interview with Prof. John McMurtry by Kourosh Ziabari A world-renowned Canadian philosopher argues that the United States holds the world record of illegal killings of unarmed civilians and extrajudicial detention and torturing of prisoners who are detained without trial. Prof. John McMurtry says that the U.S. government is a gigantic mass-murdering machine which earns profit […]

Abstract: The DPRK is said to be an economist’s nightmare. There are almost no reliable statistics available, making any analysis speculative at best. The few useable figures that we have, though, fly in the face of the media’s curious insistence on a looming collapse. Food production and trade volumes indicate that the DPRK has largely […]

The fact that the United States has been long treating other nations in a derogatory and irresponsible manner and allows itself to intervene in the internal affairs of other countries is a source of frustration for many people, even if the world’s politicians don’t dare to criticize Washington over its arrogant behavior. The United States, […]

Example of the former Soviet Union country Latvia Following famous words of my professor Anis Bajrektarevic that: “the Atlantic Europe is a political power-house (with the two of three European nuclear powers and two of five permanent members of the UN Security Council, P-5), Central Europe is an economic power-house, Russophone Europe is an energy […]

A number of occurrences have taken place of the past 13 years since the rise of the new millennium; we have seen and are seeing the rise of popular movements all over the world and a resistance to the forces of imperialism, capitalism, and subjugation, from the most recent Arab Spring to the world’s largest […]

China’s good relations with states at odds with each other could yield results at the negotiating table soon. If there is a nation (not “state”) that can successfully convince the Arabs, the Jews and the Persians to sit down simultaneously for a talk, it can only be the Chinese. With the historical cultural links and for […]

After the close of the Civil War, many assumed that the scar of slavery had been done away with, something to be put into the annals of American history and only to be bought up in classrooms. Yet, the situation in many ways couldn’t have been farther from the truth. Slavery was still around; however […]

  Perception-framing and its Repercussions: The Soon-to-be-extinct Art of Americanization and Demonization in the Information Era   This week the United States made unprecedented steps towards rapprochement with Iran. The US also maintained its friendship with Pakistan despite a litany of violations of American “Universal Principles”. Lastly, we continued to ignore North Korea while it holds […]

I am worried that we will forget Chelsea Manning. Currently the verdict has been rendered and the spotlight is on her but after a while the spotlight will dim, the flood of letters and support will become but a trickle, and she will be left alone in the darkness. Manning was sentenced to prison for […]

When we think of love, we often think of the dictionary definition which defines love as a “strong affection for another arising out of kinship or personal ties.” Yet, love can be something more than just a strong attraction we have to people, usually with sexual undertones. Love can be more something radical, something revolutionary. When thinking […]

From early in one’s life, an American is taught the law and American institutions of justice are great equalizers within our society, ensuring that everyone is treated the same, no matter one’s class, race, or ethnicity. Yet, what has been happening quite recently, especially within the past decade or so, is that we have been […]

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